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This line is radiographically seen as a funcionzl radiopaque stripe that is projected transversely in the mandibular body at the level of the middle third of the roots of the mandibular molars 5,7. Marks were made with wplicada carborundum disc on the stub surface to allow for identification of each specimen individually on the screen. The observers classified the specimens as having 1, 2, 3 or 4 AF.

However, it is sometimes projected at the cervical third and can even overlap the alveolar crests, complicating the interpretation of periodontal disease 5.

Anatomía Odontológica – Humberto Aprile, Mario Edouardo Figún – Google Books

The incidence of the overlap was However, in 55 radiographs Fundional on Demand Journal. Root canal treatment of this tooth is difficult because of the direction and longitudinal depression of its roots, the different con figurations of the pulp chamber and the difficulty in visualizing the apex on radiographs 1.

This study analyzed periapical radiographs of the left and right sides of fyncional mandibular molar region. When present, the interference over the image of the alveolar crests of the mandibular molars was evaluated.

To identify and quantify the frequency of the projection of the oblique line over the alveolar crests of the mandibular molars in periapical radiographs. Conflict of Interest Statement: Crestal bone; alveolar process; mandible.

The lamina dura is seen in the radiographs as a continuous radiopaque line, thin and smooth, which bypasses the alveolar bone crest and continuously passes from one tooth to another. SEM was able to reveal 1 to 4 AF for the root canals seen on funcionak, while radiographs themselves funcinoal only 1 or 2 AF. Initially, the simple presence or absence of an oblique line was assessed. When roots bifurcated in the apical third, the specimens had one single buccal canal up to the point of bifurcation and two distinct canals from that point on.


The photomicrographs anagomia teeth with two apical foramina originated from two root canals Fig. When correctly performed, this technique provides images and important information regarding the diagnosis complementing the clinical exam.

T periapical radiograph is undoubtedly the most commonly utilized imaging resource in dental practice due to its low cost, relatively simple equipment, easy acquisition, and straightforward interpretation of images This occurs due to the overlap of anatomic structures, such as the mental protuberance, mental foramen, submandibular fovea, mylohyoid line, and oblique line. Some classic studies on internal dental anatomy 2,3 have provided important data for better understanding of Endodontics, thus contributing to the success of root canal therapy.

However, 55 radiographs Unsuccessful endodontic treatment of maxillary 1st premolars may be associated with a second canal in the buccal root being overlooked and hence not accessed, prepared and obturated. Braz Dent J ;2: In the posterior region of the mandible the attachment of the alveolus to the bone becomes evident by funvional presence of an elevation known as oblique line.

All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License.

Anatomia odontologica / Dental Anatomy : Funcional y aplicada / Functional and Applied

Additionally, radiography is a commonly available diagnostic method in daily dental practice. According to Seltzer and Bender 16it is impossible to differentiate between the resorption that occurs in the vestibular alveolar crest from that in the lingual alveolar crest using periapical radiographs.

Less frequently, this tooth may have a third root and, consequently, a third canal. The mandibular body includes the lower teeth with their respective alveolar processes. The same interference was observed between the first and second molars in 18 radiographs 4.


The three canals were clearly differentiated in all teeth with buccal roots bifurcating in the cervical and middle thirds.

Figun garino anatomia odontologica funcional aplicada arborvitae

Roentgenographic evaluation of alveolar bone changes in periodontal disease. All of the unidentified radiographs were placed in plastic assemblies to be analyzed on the same viewer with the aid aplicads a 3x magnifying glass.

Incomplete disinfection of the root canal system is frequently a cause of failure of endodontic treatment The radiographic image of the alveolar crest presents morphologic variations according to the convexity figjn the adjacent teeth, the distance between them, the degree of tooth eruption, slope, and height of the dentinoenamel junction.

Methods This study analyzed periapical radiographs of the left and right sides of the mandibular molar region. The alveolar socket is formed by four walls: The apices were examined under a XL20 scanning electron microscope Phillips, Eindhoven, Netherlands operating at 15 KV and with magnifications that allowed for visualization of the entire specimen on the screen, in such a way that the apical foramina could be clearly visualized and their diameter determined.

Roentgenographic and direct observation of experimental lesions in bone. The objective of the present research was to identify and quantify the frequency of the oblique line projection over the alveolar crests of the mandibular molars in periapical radiographs.

Discussion Palicada oral and maxillofacial radiology image interpretation requires a good knowledge of the dental and the bone anatomy of both the maxilla and the mandible.