ser of BOOKS GEORGE S. SALVAN Fuap Cordillera Road, San Carlos Heights Baguio City, Philippines 1 o ARCHITECTURAL THEORIES OF DESIGN 2 o. DESCRIPTION. George Salvan Architectural Theories of Design. Transcript. REVISED EDITION USEFll. REf1NC fOR!. fiRCHITECTORfiL. ScribdSalvan, George 1 Architectural theory of design is under topic such as architecture theory of design by george salvan history of.

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Published on Aug View 9. No part of this book may bein any manner without permission of the publisher. Jerry Jun Suyat who spent sleepless nights with the illustrations and allof the layouts of the dummy.

Macabiog architectudal understanding my late returnsof borrowed books. Canave who guided me on the complete process of publishing and printing of booksandtoMr. Gomez for t heir untiring cooperation in preparingthe manuscripts typewrittenby Thelmai.

The many students of architecture whose curiosity about andinterest inthe Theory of Designandits realizationin book formhave beena sourceof inspiration. The process georgr developing this idea to a point at which a sol ution of the problem at hand is reached is known as “Architectural Tehory. Design must concern itself with both the practical and the aesthetic.

For some time, students of architecture throughout the country have felt the need for a book dealing with generalideas concerning the Theory of Design, a book that would be in every senseintroductory, defining the various approaches. Contemporary principles are concerned with planning for human needs and are not confined to the field of architecture alone. Science, Sociology, andEconomics also contribute to be successful design of salvwn building.

The Architect of Today must be conscious of the character of present-daycultureandits effectsuponthebuildingwhichhousetheactivitiesof this civilization. Hemust designinterms ofhisphysical and social environment.

architectural theories of design by george salvan

All theseinnovationstakentogetherhavemadepossibletheopen,flexibleplan,andthus architecture has georhe character. Realizing this fast growing changes inArchitecturalDesign as seen in the forms,shapes and imageswhichrespondtoproject needs,theMinistry ofEducation incooperation with the United Architects Philippines met sometime in to revise the Architectural Curriculum to a 5-year step ladder course,andcameup with a more relevantsyllabus for The Theory of ArchitecturalDesign.

Scanningthe subject matters,the authors realizedthat not less than 30booksanddifferent topics isneededforreferences. Thisisthereasonthatledtothe author’s compiling of notes to suit arcchitectural new curriculum and infuse the new topics involved.

Majorityofthe topicsonarchitecturaldesignarebehavioralrelationsbetweenmanand building,ecologicalinteractionsbetweenbuildingandnatureandtheroleof buildingin man’s perceptionof andorientationto the cityscape. VII viii Briefly,the aims of this book are as follows: To outline a number of approaches to Design Physical,religious, symbolic, xrchitectural, etc. To describe and characterize the different techniques or media in design with their respective limitations and advantages;to conveyanideaofplanninganddesigningof theart object andof thebuilding.

Other pur-poses of this bookisto provide practitioners and students of designing andplanning with a review of thenew designmethods and with examples of each.

It may alsobeof interest to anyone outsidethedesignprofessions who is concernedwithcreativebehaviour andwith technological change. Thechapters arearrangedin sequence,Part Iis for the first semester which dealsmostly with forms and Part II is for the second semester which deals with spaces.


Each topic is sum-marizedinsuchamanner asto guide the instructor to finishanddiscussalltopics in the alloted timeof more than 40 hours per semester. Reproduction-for thepopulationto increaseandcontinue in existence.

The modernman’s shelter shalfhave: Circulationsare studiedaccordingto functions,suchast hekitchenforfoodpreparation, bedroom for sleepandbathroom for cleanliness.

Comforts – thismustcontainthelabor-savingdeviceswhichprovideheat, ventilation,andinstantcommunication. Artin its broadest theeory the various familiar formspainti ng,sculpture,music,lite-rature. In-tellect or reason desiggn may erect a utilitarian building; emotion will endow itwith beauty andinterest. Theireffect upon life and architecture,may be designated as ResultingManifestations: Desire for Preservation -in obtaining food, shelter, clothing and security, civilized rna n must have commerce, government and religion.

These activities call for their accom-panyingstructures,or architecture. Desire for Recognition -thisisa desirefor prestige,pride andambition, social status, physicalsupremacy,intellectual attainment,personal or civic,result in the-struggle for position. Asa result,manbuildpalaces,skyscrapers,or communities may erect cathedrals orpublicbuildingsandmonuments. Desire for Response- This arises from the gregarious nature of man, from his wish for love,friendship,andsociability.

Inseekingthecompanionship of his fellow creatures,man congregates. His social instinctscallforfraternalbuildi f QSandcityclubs. Hissemi -publicbuildingsmust containbanquethallsandballrooms;hishomemust havealivingroomtomake human associationpossible.

Desire for Self-Expression-This is the urge of man to as,serthimself as an individual. Todothings inhisown afchitectural cular way. Thisisresponsibl eforaesthoticexpression;f orarchitectureinitshighestforrn, thelry theatres,museums, etc. To show that he is the in sports or recreation, encouraged the building of stadia, bowling alleys, gymnasiums, etc. They decide what foods shallbegrown andwhat occupationsshallbefollowed. Theydetermine what regionswill developfarmers, 88ilors ormerchants.

These racesin turn create architecture with local or national characteristics. Thosenear theseaarequiet,taCiturn and bold people.

They areeasy goingandcare-free and produceanarchitecture different from people in the cold and forested areas,whose. This requires in-itiative,patience and energy. In the temperate zones,people are energetic and progress is assured. Here, man may plan and may realize his ambitions without interference from droughts,blizzards,or tropicalf evers. Plainwallareasgiveanopportunityfor contrast with thecolorsof the foliage. The severe cold winds is avoided by providing a cover from portion of the buildingto theother.

Inthe past, walls were load bearing,wallthickness desihn carry the load of the floors and the roof and also to resist the extremes of temperature and to protect man from his enemies. Today, modern manerectsstructuresto protect hisinvestment from depreciation andhimself fromthe curiosityof hisneighbors. Walls areno longer bearing walls. They no longer carry loads asthin as the material will permit.

The development of in-sulation makesit possibleto keep out the heat andthe cold ina highly satisfactory manner. As in the rich red and brown tile roof of Italy. The necessity of shedding the rai n and snow makesthegreater pitch to the roofs more practical. Thedrivingrainsand coldwinds made these porches a de. The roof may be flat even incold countries andinvisible from oc ground. The roof has now become a terrace, and the accompanying fresh air and sunshine contribute tothehealthof a nation.

We cannow heat or coolourhouses in a satisfactory manner with less reference to the sizesof openings and windows oftensimply contribute to thecheerfulnessof the interior. In the last few years, there has come a new conception of hygienic and therapeutic possibili-tiesof the window.

Man alsoinvented machines for air conditioning, heating, ventilating andthis machine age brought about the suggestionof windowless buildings. When mouldingsareused,thecurvesshouldbe f latter and more subtle. Plainwallsurfacesinwhite or lightpasteltones,withtheirvarioustextures catch the sunlight and archiectural an interesting play of shadows from projecting roots and adjoin-ing trees.


Colored tiles are also conspicuous in the architecture in the mediterranean coun-tries. Thisretardedtheinterminglingof peopleandthe cross-fertilizationof cultures. Ideastraveledslowly,andthecustomsandattsofdifferent countries assumeddefinite nationalpatterns.

Topography, in its broadest sense, may mean the general terrain or contour of the surface of the entire country. If the country is small and the topography is uniform, there tends to be a similarity of character in the architecture. It may be nationalistic and may assume traits com-monto theentirearea.

Thebuildings should be ‘informal’.

The floor levels of the major parts shouldfollow asfar asiscon-venient,theslopeoftheground. In the past, certain materials have had a local use and have influenced the development of an indigenous architecture. Since there was lack of methods of conveyance. However, they have changed salban new contacts were made and asnew developments came intoexistence.

Ideaswereborrowed,commerceandindustrygrewandnowmodern transportation has made buildingmaterials international indistribution and use. Architecture, because it is the most permanent and cumulative-reflects the social structure of the periodin which it isdeveloped.

The interests archtiectural the people dictate the type and ap-pearance of its buildings.

architectural theories of design by george salvan

Stable government and improved social condition eliminate the necessity of many protective features such as high fences, shutters, wrought iron or steel railings tor doors aRd windows, broken glass and barbed wire on top of fences. Comfort and convenience now control archi-tecture.

Thedifferentarchitecturalcharactersinthedifferentperiodsof ar-chitecture is shown in the interests architevtural man at that time asshown in their build ings. In this 20th Century, our social structure has become so complex that confusion rather than simplicity is its chief characteristic. The automobile has made it pos-sible for us to live many miles from our work but has created atraffic problem. Standardization is more prevalent thanindividualism.

This complexity of our socialsystemisreflectedinour architecture. By his appearance,something isknown of hisinterests from t hetypeof house inwhich helives. In a similar manner,itis possible to tracea comparison bet weenthepersonalityof anationasreflectedinitsclothinganditsattitude towardarchitecturedSseeninitsbuildings.

Clothesgiveanindicationof the simplicity or complexity of the existence of its inhabitants which in turn controls teory development of itsarchitecture. DIGNITY Scholarly andphilosophical refinement was characteristic of the lives of people, wefindthecostumeconsistedof a simple, flowing robe. Muchattention was paid to the body and to physical health. The existence of the Greeks was reduc-edto the essentials,and this was reflected in their dress and architecture. They did not build on a grand scale, but rather sought for purity of detail and develop-ment of technical skill.

Ornatenessin dress had no placein their simple here ac-tivities.