The Evolution of Technology by George Basalla (Cambridge University Press ) pp. viii , $, ISBN 0 I Pbk. The Evolution of Technology has ratings and 8 reviews. Richard said: Humans are the most sophisticated toolmakers in the family of life. We’ve gone f. The Evolution of Technology (Cambridge Studies in the History of Science) [ George Basalla] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Presents an.
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George Basalla’s book called ” The Evolution of Technology ” Cambridge University Press, is another important resource for the game controller project. In this volume, the authors describes his theory of technological change based on the history of technology, evolutkon history and anthropology. The whole book is driven by a strong theoretical perspective: Initially this analogy was used from technology to biology to describe living organisms in mechanical terms and then the other way around, as a way to arrange technical objects into “genera, species and varieties and proceed from this classificatory exercise to the construction of an evolutionary tree illustrating the connections between the various forms of mechanical life”.
To him the difference is the following:. One is the result of purposeful human activity, the other the outcome of a random natural process.
G.Basalla: The Evolution of Technology
One produces a sterile physical object, the other a living being capable of reproducing itself. Technological evolution has nothing comparable to the mass extinctions that are of interest to or biologists. History does not record any widespread, cataclysmic extinctions of entire classes of artifacts, although something similar might occur on a local level in remote communities or on isolated islands”. The evolution of aboriginal weapons by Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers.
His theory of technological evolution is rooted in four broad concepts: Continuity Based on a fair amount of hhe, Basalla debunks the notion of “technological revolutions” and the mere existence of “heroic inventors”. To him, both are wrong and ” key artifacts such as the steam engine, the cotton gin, or the transistor, emerged in an evolutionary fashion from their antecedents “.
Of course some changes are more technoloby than others but: Evolution of spark catchers for train locomotive smokestacks. Novelty This chapter aimed at understanding how to account for differences and diversity in technological artifacts.
The Evolution of Technology – George Basalla – Google Books
In this part, the author substitutes the notion of “Homo Faber ” “Man the maker” to “Homo Ludens” “Man the Player” to show the role of play in innovation. He then describes various sources:.
In another chapter, he highlights how ” human intervention can guide the variations toward a new artifact ” and described the notion of skeuomorphs: This is not true for artificial selection as practiced by technoloy and plant breeders.
Here criteria are established by the humans who select characteristics they consider worthy of preservation. Variant artifacts do not arise from the chance recombination of certain crucial constituent parts but are the result of a conscious process in which human taste and judgment are exercised in the pursuit of some biological, technological, psychological, social, economical, or cultural goal.
Critics of the biological theory, however proposed a number of strong counterarguments.
The Evolution of Technology
We cultivate technology to meet our perceived needs, not a set of universal ones legislated by nature Why do I blog this?
I was drawn to this book thanks to several discussion threads. Mostly the recurring chat about circulation of design choices with my neighbor Basile, as well as an exchange of tweets with Antonio Casilli who recommended the book.
The material in there was highly useful in general and relevant to our project that aims at mapping the evolution of joypads. Given our interest in studying a “lineage” of technical artifacts, I was wary of using the “evolution” metaphor because of the underlying idea of progress that I did not want to imply.
Overall, three quotes about the use tecjnology the evolutionary metaphor are important for our investigation of artifacts evolution:. On the most general level the evolutionary analogy serves as a useful organizing technopogy for studying technological change A workable theory of technological evolution requires there be no technological progress in the traditional sense of the term but accepts the possibility of limited progress toward a carefully selected goal within a restricted technnology “.
To him the difference is the following: History does not record any widespread, cataclysmic extinctions of entire classes of evollution, although something similar might occur on a local level in remote communities or on isolated islands” The evolution of aboriginal weapons by Lane-Fox Pitt Rivers His theory of technological evolution is rooted in four broad concepts: He explains the origins of the discontinuous argument with the following notions: The loss or concealment of crucial antecedents: Henry Ford called his car a “quadracycle”, The emergence of the inventor as a hero: Nationalism also played a part in the 19th Century The same exhibitions that glorified industrial progress, and the men who made it possible A bizarre situation thus developed in which evoltuion heroic inventors of one country were scarcely acknowledged in another land” The patent system: Such dissimulations are the result of a system that attempts to impose discontinuity on what is essentially a continuous phenomenon ” The confusion of technological and socio-economical change: Instead, it was evolutionary!
Evolution of spark catchers for evklution locomotive smokestacks Novelty This chapter aimed at understanding how to account for differences and diversity in technological artifacts. He then describes various sources: Knowledge transfer by borrowing some aspects of a technology outside: Selection As defined by Basalla: Overall, three quotes about the use of evolutlon evolutionary metaphor are important for our investigation of artifacts evolution: Older March 11, Paris metro interactive map.