Luciano Berio, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI (October 24, – May 27, . The first, Sequenza I came in and is for flute; the last, Sequenza XIV () is for cello. These works explore the full possibilities of. Sequenza (Italian for “sequence”) is the name borne by fourteen compositions for solo instruments or voice by Luciano Berio. Sequenza XIV () for cello ( reworked in by Stefano Scodanibbio as Sequenza XIVb for double bass). Luciano Berio: Sequenza XIV, for cello – Play streams in full or download MP3 from Classical Archives (), the largest and best organized.
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He is noted for his experimental work in particular his composition Sinfonia and his series of virtuosic solo pieces titled Sequenza and also for his pioneering work in electronic music. Berio was born in Oneglia now part of Imperiaon the Ligurian coast of Italy. He was taught sequenzz to play the piano by his father and grandfather, who were both organists. During World War II he was conscripted into the army, but on his first day, he injured his hand while learning how a gun worked, and spent time in a military hospital.
He was unable to continue studying the piano because of his injured hand, so instead concentrated on composition.
Sequena came the first public performance of one of his works, a suite for piano. Berio made a living at this time by accompanying singing classes, and it was in doing this that he met the American mezzo-soprano Cathy Berberianwhom he married shortly after graduating they divorced in Berio wrote a number of pieces which exploited her distinctive voice.
InBerio went to the United States to study with Luigi Dallapiccola at Tanglewoodfrom whom he gained an interest in serialism. He became interested in electronic musicco-founding the Studio di fonologia musicalean electronic music studio in Milan, with Bruno Maderna in He invited a number of significant composers to work there, among them Henri Pousseur and John Cage.
He cellp produced an electronic music periodical, Incontri Musicali. InBerio returned to Tanglewood, this time as Composer in Residence, and inon an invitation from Darius Beriitook a teaching post at Mills College in Oakland, California. In he began to sequfnza at the Juilliard Schooland there he founded the Juilliard Ensemble, a group dedicated to performances of contemporary music. Inhe again married, this time to the noted philosopher of science Susan Oyama they divorced in All this time Berio had been steadily composing and building a reputation, winning the Prix Italia in for Laborintus Celllo.
His reputation was cemented when his Sinfonia was premiered in InBerio returned to Italy.
In he opened Tempo Realea centre for musical research and production based in Florence. He was active as a conductor and continued to compose to the end of his life. Luciano Berio died in breio a hospital in Rome. He was an atheist.
He was noted for his sense of humour. He spent a two-hour seminar at a summer school in the Celo States analysing Beethoven’s 7th Symphonydemonstrating that it was a work of radical sequebza. The next day he gave another two-hour seminar, with a completely straight bsrio, showing why it was hopelessly flawed and a creative dead-end.
Berio’s electronic work dates for the most part from his time at Milan’s Studio di Fonologia. One of the most influential works he produced there was Thema Omaggio a Joycebased on Cathy Berberian reading from James Joyce ‘s Ulysseswhich can be considered as the first electroacoustic composition in the history of western music made with voice and elaboration of it by technological means.
English and Italian, Hebrew and the Neapolitan dialect. InBerio completed O King a work which exists in two versions: The piece is in memory of Martin Luther Kingwho had been assassinated shortly before its composition.
In it, the voice s intones first the vowels, and then the consonants which make up his name, only stringing them together to give his name in full in the final bars. The orchestral version of O King was, shortly after its completion, integrated into what is perhaps Berio’s most famous work, Sinfonia —69for orchestra and eight amplified voices.
The voices are not used in a traditional classical way; they frequently do not sing at all, but speak, whisper and shout. The third movement is a collage of literary and musical quotations.
List of compositions by Luciano Berio – Wikipedia
A-Ronne is similarly collaged, but with the focus more squarely on the voice. It was originally written as a radio program for five actors, and reworked in for eight vocalists and an optional keyboard part. The work is one of a number of collaborations with the poet Edoardo Sanguinetiwho for this piece provided a text full of quotations from sources including the BibleT. Eliot and Karl Marx. Another example of the influence of Sanguineti is the large work Coro premieredscored for orchestra, solo voices, and a large choir, whose members are paired with instruments of the orchestra.
The work extends over roughly an hour, and explores a number of themes within a framework of folk music from a variety of regions: Chile, North America, Africa. Recurrent themes are the expression of love and passion; the pain of being parted from loved ones; death of a wife or husband.
A line repeated often is “come and see the blood on the streets”, a reference to a poem by Pablo Nerudawritten in the context of the outbreak of the civil war in Spain.
Berio composed a series of virtuoso works for solo instruments under the name Sequenza. These works explore the full possibilities of each instrument, often calling for extended techniques. Berio is known for adapting and transforming the music of others, but he gerio adapted his own compositions: Chemins IIfor instance, takes the original Sequenza VI for viola and adapts it for solo viola and nine other instruments.
For Berberian he wrote Folk Songs ; a set of arrangements of folk songs.
List of compositions by Luciano Berio
Transcription is a vital part of even Berio’s “creative” works. In “Two Interviews”, Berio mused about what a college course in transcription would look like, looking not only at Franz LisztFerruccio BusoniIgor StravinskyJohann Sebastian Bachhimself, and others, but to what extent composition is always self-transcription. Rather, each quotation carefully evokes the context of its original work, creating an open web, but an open web with highly specific referents and a vigorously defined, if self-proliferating, signifier-signified relationship.
Perhaps Berio’s most notable contribution to the world of post-WWII non-serial experimental music, running throughout most of his works, is his engagement with the broader world of critical theory epitomized by his lifelong friendship with linguist and critical theorist Umberto Eco through his compositions. Berio’s works are often analytic acts: In other words, it is not only the composition of the “collage” that conveys meaning; it is the particular composition of the component “sound-image” that conveys meaning, even extra-musical meaning.
The technique of the “collage”, that he is associated with, is, then, less a neutral process than a conscious, Joycean process of analysis-by-composition, a form of analytic transcription of which Sinfonia and the Chemins are the most prominent examples.
Berio often offers his compositions as forms of academic or cultural discourse themselves rather than as “mere” fodder for them. Among Berio’s other compositions are CirclesSequenza IIIand Recital I for Cathyall written for Berberian, and a number of stage works, with Un re in ascoltoa collaboration with Italo Calvinothe best known. Berio’s “central instrumental focus”, if such a thing exists, is probably with the voice, the piano, the flute, and the strings. He wrote many remarkable pieces for piano which vary from solo pieces to essentially concerto pieces points on the curve to find, concerto for two pianos, and Corowhich has a strong backbone of harmonic and melodic material entirely based on the piano part.
Lesser known works make use of a very distinguishable polyphony unique to Berio that develops in a variety of ways. This occurs in several works, but most recognisably in compositions for small instrumental combinations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. List of compositions by Luciano Berio. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Archived from the original on 20 February List of music students by teacher: A to B Luciano Berio.
Archived from the original on 12 July Retrieved 14 October American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 16 June Retrieved 8 November Il dialogo con la materia disintegrata e ricomposta, un’analisi di Thema Omaggio a Joyce di Luciano Berio.
Cambridge University Press, p. Archived from the original on July 5, Un re in ascolto Cronaca del luogo. Folk Songs Sinfonia A-Ronne. A Garland for Dr. Twelve-tone and serial composers. Ernst von Siemens Music Prize. Laureates of the Wolf Prize in Arts. Retrieved from ” https: CS1 Italian-language sources it CS1 maint: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote.