Układ stomatognatyczny – wady rozwojowe · Choroby stawu skroniowo- żuchwowego Polish Hepatological Society concerning the treatment of viral hepatitis C in adults – Zakopane 3 April Wojciech Służewski, Janusz Cianciara. cianciara i juszczyk inwazyjnej choroby meningokokowej bexsero meningitec neisvacc menveo nimenrix interna szczeklika choroby zakane pasoytnicze. Choroby przewodu pokarmowego w przebiegu zakażenia HIV wyd. spec. Janusz Cianciara, Jacek Juszczyk; Lublin: Wydaw. Czelej, ; s Zakopane, czerwca r.; s poz / Justyna.

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The first ever Hack Day to take place at an SPIE event, the aim of the day was to bring together developers to collaborate on innovative solutions to problems of their choice. Such events have proliferated in the technology community, providing opportunities to showcase, share and learn skills.

In academic environments, these events are often also instrumental in building community beyond the limits of national borders, institutions and projects.

We show examples of projects the participants worked on, and provide some lessons learned for future events. The development of an effective educational system in Poland in the postwar years was based solidly on educational research. This study identifies the major research agencies operating in Poland and spells out their basic missions, then explains how educational research is organized systematically through government planning.

The impact of this…. Propolis studies in Poland were initiated by Professor Stan Scheller in the s. It was a team of Polish researchers who developed a method of introducing hydrophobic ethanol extracts of propolis EEP into aqueous solutions, which enabled the study of their biological properties. The studies performed in Poland showed that EEP possesses antioxidant, radioprotective, and immunostimulating properties. It was possible to demonstrate antibacterial activity of propolis on Gram-positive bacteria, virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and protozoa as well as stimulating activity of aqueous extracts of propolis on proliferation of cells in vitro.

Polish investigators showed that propolis stimulates regeneration of tissue, acts as antioxidant and radioprotector, has strong immunostimulative properties, affects animals’ life span by extending it, and improves intellectual and life functions of the elderly.

The beginnings of modern research on propolis in poland. The research field of smart materials and structures has been a distinct entity for two decades. This paper revisits the nine winning entries to date and updates their status. The paper begins with a brief description of the original and current intent of the award and follows with a short overview of the evolution of smart structures, from research to products.

The winning teams and their respective products are then described. The current status of the products is discussed based on publicly available information and input from the respective companies.

Note however that it is not the purpose of the paper to rank the product winners in terms of success or sales. The paper concludes with an assessment of the larger trends in productization of smart structures technologies. The application “form” for the award as well as the evaluation criteria and suggestions for improving award application packages can be found in the appendix. This study is a narrative analysis of participants’ perceptions of the development of cross-cultural awareness through ” The Faculty Research Abroad Program in Poland ,” a joint initiative between a regional campus of a Midwestern land grant university and a private university in Poland.

The purpose was to foster academic cooperation and…. Data on the distribution of cancer incidence and death across age and sex groups visualized using multilevel spie charts.


Cancer incidence ciancjara death statistics are typically recorded for multiple age and sex brackets, leading to large data tables which are difficult to digest. Effective visualizations of this data would allow practitioners, policy makers, and the general public to comprehend the data more readily and act on it appropriately.

We introduce multilevel spie charts to create a combined visualization of cancer incidence and death statistics. Spie charts cohroby multiple pie charts, where the base pie chart representing the general population is used to set the angles of slices, and the superimposed ones use variable radii to portray the cancer data.

Spie charts of cancer incidence chorooby death statistics from Israel for are used as an illustration. These charts clearly show various patterns of how cancer incidence and death distribute across age and sex groups, illustrating 1 absolute numbers and 2 rates perpopulation for different age and sex brackets. In addition, drawing separate charts for different cancer types illustrates relative mortality, both 3 across cancer types and 4 mortality relative to incidence.


Naturally, this graphical depiction can be chorogy for other diseases as well. In Professor Wolfe after his SPIE presidency trekked the world, even making it xakane far as post-communist Polandto see in the visible and maybe in infrared – who knows the work of optical scientists hidden behind the iron curtain. I am not sure ciancaira he was ready for how different that world zakae at this time, but for sure he was very inquisitive and eager to learn about the nuances of Poland right after the fall of communism.

He met, visited with and encouraged young and old scientists from PolandRussia, Hungary and Lithuania to add their expertise to the scientific conversations happening in the West.

His mission in Poland was to invite us all, and he was ready to help us achieve our dreams. I was one of those he encouraged. This talk is my personal reflection of Professor Wolfe as an encouraging and sometimes brave SPIE pioneer – a stranger in a strange land – and as an energetic, caring SPIE president, Optical Sciences professor and human being.

Professor Bill Wolfe’s contributions to the field of radiometry are well known and very well recognized. This conference is a tribute ciamciara him.

However, my paper is not on radiometry; rather, I wish to illustrate the adventurous, caring and positive Bill Wolfe that helped me find my way to the American desert Southwest. The use of citation indicators to identify and support high-quality research in Poland. In large, chorpby English-speaking countries, where the “critical mass” of scientists working in different subfields of science is achieved, the peer review system may be sufficient to assess the quality of scientific cianciaraa.

However, in smaller countries, outside the Anglo-American circle, it is important to introduce different systems to identify research of high quality. In Polanda parametric system for assessing the quality of research has been introduced. It was largely based on the impact factor of scientific journals.

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While the use of this indicator to assess research quality is highly questionable, the implementation of the system in the Polish reality is even worse. Therefore it is important to change and improve the system currently used by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education to both evaluate and, more importantly, finance science in Poland.

Here, a system based on three factors, i. The scientific quality of institutions in Division VI: Medical Sciences of the Polish Academy of Sciences were evaluated and the results were compared with the existing system.

Moreover, a method to identify high-quality researchers and institutions at the national level based on the quantity of highly cited papers is shown.

Additionally, an attempt to identify the highest quality Polish research on an international level is proposed. This is based on the number of individual citations, the individual h-index, the number of publications, and the priority of the discovery. The history of library science in Poland and a number of Polish research projects are reviewed in this paper.

It is concluded that a considerable amount of research has been done on the history of libraries in Polandbut that this research is fragmented and separated by its focus on theory or methodology. The methodology of scientific research in…. Research of medical gases in Poland. Research of medical gases is well established in Poland and has been marked with the foundation of several professional societies.

Numerous academic centers including those dealing with hyperbaric and diving medicine conduct studies of medical gases, in vast majority supported with intramural funds.

In general, Polish research of medical gases is very much clinical in nature, covering new applications and safety of medical gases in medicine; on the other hand there are several academic centers pursuing preclinical studies, and elaborating basic theories of gas physiology and mathematical modeling of gas exchange.

What dominates is research dealing with oxygen and ozone as well as studies of anesthetic gases and their applications. Finally, several research directions involving noble gas, hydrogen and hydrogen sulfide for cell protection, only begin to gain recognition of basic scientists and clinicians.


However, further developments require more monetary spending on research and clinical testing as well as formation of new collective bodies for coordinating efforts in this matter. Over the day period of the round- the -clock test program, the full complement of ISIM flight instruments, structure, harness radiator, and electronics were put through a comprehensive program of thermal, optical, electrical, and operational tests.

The test verified the health and excellent performance of the instruments and ISIM systems, proving the ISIM element’s readiness for integration with the telescope. We report here on the context, goals, setup, execution, and key results for this critical JWST milestone.

Bioethics committees are along with ethic regulations and rules of law one of three main pillars in the system of protection of scientific biomedical research participants.

Although principal directives for bioethics committees are established by international guidelines, detailed regulations may differ in particular states. The aim of this article was to compare two bioethic committees systems: French and Polish one.

Historical beginnings of the bioethics committees system in France and in Poland are briefly mentioned, Subsequently, the networks of bioethics committees in both countries are compared. Although the number of bioethics committees Research Ethic Committees in both countries is comparable, the procedure of their establishment varies.

French committees are based on administrative division of the country and divide on regional and interregional committees. In Polandbioethics committees are established by medical universities, medical research and development units or regional chambers of physicians and dentists. In France there is no equivalent of Appeal Bioethics Committee, however one could appeal from the negative bioethics committee’s opinion.

The composition of French bioethics committees is more diverse and half of the members are not related to medical professions. Members of French committees are named on indefinite term by headmaster of Regional Health Agency after having been chosen in competition for the post.

In Poland members are called on three-year-term but the rotation of members is not overwhelming since there is no limit of terms for one member. French legal solutions seems more secure for scientific bioethics research participants.

Przegląd Epidemiologiczny Epidemiological Review

For this reason, a detailed research on legislation in other countries is necessary before introducing any new regulations in Polish law. InPoland ‘s population was The infant mortality rate was Of the zakan force of Poland is a communist state.

The economy is based on the Soviet model of state ownership of most of the country’s productive assets, although the private sector predominates in agriculture. The rights of private farmers are now protected through a amendment to the constitution. Poland ‘s economy has performed poorly in comparison with other Eastern European economies. Industries were centralized following World War II, and this systemic rigidity is considered to have contributed to the economy’s poor performance.

Another important factor has been low reliance of foreign trade, meaning that Poland ‘s industries have failed to develop competitiveness. The government has committed itself to a so-called second-stage of economic reform, but to date there have been few concrete accomplishments.

Exhumation research concerning the victims of political repressions in in Poland: A new direction in forensic medicine. In in Wroclaw Polandthe bodies of prisoners were exhumed, including the victims of political repressions and prosecutions in the periodduring which people fighting for the independence of Poland were executed and buried in unidentified graves in various graveyards.

It was the first exhumation conducted in Poland on such a large scale. The aim of the present publication is to describe the new direction in forensic medicine employed in these exhumations, which resulted from the new opportunities created by the opening of the state archives after the political transformation of The authors describe the difficulties they encountered during their exploration of prisoners’ burial grounds.

The graveyards included in the investigation bear the marks of an intentional policy of confusion and secret burial methods. First, significant disorder in the logical based on time of death sequence of burials was observed.