Dua Joshan Kabeer. ٰنِ. ْ. ِ الرَّْح. ه. بِسْمِّٰللا. ِ. ْ. الرَِِّْ. ہللا کے نام سے.) شروع کرتا ہوں. . جو ب. ڑا. مہربان نہایت رحم واال ہے. In The Name Of Allah, The. Beneficent, The. It has been mentioned in the book, Balad al-Amin and the Misbah of Kafa`mi that Imam `Ali ibn al-Husain Sayyid as-Sajjidin (prayers be upon him) related from. Your Lord conveys his salutations to you and has said to take this coat of armor ( Jawshan) and to recite it as this is a protection for you and your Ummah.
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The Islamic prophet Mohammed used hard and heavy armor for protecting his body in the war.
Because of the tightness of his armor, his body was injured. According to Muslims, during the war, the angel Jibra’il Gabriel came and brought him a message from God, teaching prayer to Muhammad to protect him from bad events.
Your God conveys his salutations to you and has said to take this coat of armor and to recite it as this is a protection for you and your Ummah. The context of the prayer was written by Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin and came to him from his great grandfather Muhammad by word of mouth.
The Jawshan Kabir prayer contains parts. Names of God are recited after the phrase. In all, the supplication comprises names of Allah and attributes of Allah and request from Allah.
A same phrase is repeated at the end of each part.
Dua-e-Joshan Kabeer Urdu Translation | almuntazir
All-Glorified are You; there is no deity but You! Save us from the Fire!
Muslims often read the Jawshan kabir in Laylat al-Qadr in Ramadan but some Hadiths recommend reading it at the beginning of Ramadan. Abbas Qumithe author of Mafatih al-Jananwrote the prayer in his book.
According to the akbeer of Urwath al-Wutha of Mohammed Kazem Yazdiwriting Dua Jawshan Kabir as well as writing the whole of Quran kbeer Du’a Jawshan Saqeer on the shroud is deemed as a Mustahab practice;  it has also been mentioned through Husayn ibn Ali that it is permissible to write Jawshan Kabir and Jawshan Saqeer on the shroud, but, in order not to be Najisit is better not to write on the trsnslation or lower of Awrah.
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