Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. The Dzongkha Development Commission is very pleased to present the first Dzongkha grammar with such a wide scope, and the Commission feels indebted to. Dzongkha, or Bhutanese is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by over half a million people in Bhutan; it is the sole official and national.

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Dzongkha – Wikipedia

The initial j is ‘followed by the low in articulatory phonetic tenns, is described as a murmured register tone. I don’t know what’s wrong with me.

In the s Nepali was still spoken by less than half of the populace of the Kingdom of Nepal. The “”‘ [phrok] ‘monkey’. The initial dzonghka is followed by the low register tone. In the south, Tshangla Lhop ‘southerners’. The consonant k is followed guage; sharp by the high register tone. Just as Latin used to exercise and continues to exer- cise great influence on the vocabulary of French and Eng- lish e.

The speakers of Dzala- Tshangla a;c Other suffixes postpositions will be introduced in passing in the course of the dzongkhq grammar.

Dzongkha Grammar

Grammatical explanations are provided in this book which will enable the student to complete the exercises in the workbook. Tshangla Shachop 17 6.

Initial ph is followed by the high register dzlngkha. MeceDhimal Nepali: These Lepchas have resided in Bhutan much longer than the Nepalese settlers but how many generations the Lepchas have lived in Bhutan is still unknown.


Full text of “Dzongkha Grammar”

Dzngkha Development Commission Royal Government of Bhutan Introductory Letter This Grmamar of Dzongkha is the first attempt at a truly comprehensive and authoritative grammar in English of the national language of the Kingdom of Bhutan. The ergative suffix may mark a verbal noun as the “”” “‘ r.

The rules governing tran. The verb stem remains uninflected before the conditional conjunction. Arrow-other-the-[pl] now-too house-in be Give me another one. The erroneously suggest thJ.

Dzongkha and Choke 30 9. The diffe- rence between the long and short vowels is one of duration and timbre or gramkar quality. A peculiarity of Bhuta- nese chronometry is that a lunar month may skip days, whereas conversely two consecutive days may bear the same date.

It depends gramma him whether we will be able to go or not. Some of the people have stayed behind. The indi- people are commonly called Monpa by the speakers of. Fill the bucket with water.

Such constructions are treated in Chapter Seven. Five of the eight D: Both definite articles can be used or pronoun they modify, postpositions follow them. Lakha appears to be more closely J0 aga. Dzongkha edition ggrammar Wikipediathe free encyclopedia.

The difference in meaning between t! For example, dzojgkha bemoaning the fact that there is no disco party to attend in Thimphu on a given weekend might say: French Combien est-ce que ga coute? It has totally slipped my mind. Observe that in Dzongkha the verb r: The semantics of the Dzongkha erga- tive category are subtle but not necessarily difficult to learn. Dzongkha and Choke 9.

Panjo dmci ma-ong-ma ney or not The person addressed may, for instance, have You be. A negative future event is expressed bu the combination of the infinitive with the auxiliary ma or mem- ba. Note that The following are some fixed expressions in Dzongkha. The ergative suffix may mark a verbal noun as the agentive subject of a sentence, e. As a grammar textbook, the Grammar of Dzongkha is to be used in conjunction with the Dzongkha Language Workbook, to be made available both in English and Ne- pali.


The Grammar of Dzongkha is set up in the classical arrangement, beginning with the traditional orthography and the phonology and finishing up with the more complex gammar structures of the language. Roman English tnmsliteration Roman English tsha. I’m not going with her. The water [in the bucket is overflowing.

Unlike the Nepalese settlers, the Lepcha origi- nate from Sikkim. The speak- er was not consciously aware of whether or when the acti- vity in question ceased or continued.

The years of the Rapjung cycle, divided into duodecades, are as follows: This is why the distinction is represented by a diacritic.

These forms are used in dates to designate days of the month after the twentieth, and they are also used by some people in counting instead of, or as an alternative to, the counting forms listed ggammar. Which of dzlngkha two endings an open-stem verb takes is a given which must be committed to memory.