ENEADAS 2 PLOTINO PDF

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What measures, then, shall we adopt? What machine employ, or what reason consult by means of which we may contemplate this ineffable beauty; a beauty abiding enedaas the most divine sanctuary without ever proceeding from its sacred retreats lest it should be beheld by the profane and vulgar eye? We must enter deep into ourselves, and, leaving behind the objects of corporeal sight, no longer look back after any of the accustomed spectacles of sense.

Bernardo Brandão, A Ascensão da Alma nas Enéadas de Plotino – PhilPapers

For, it is necessary that whoever beholds this beauty, should withdraw his view from the fairest corporeal forms; and, convinced that these are nothing more than images, ensadas and shadows of beauty, eneadss eagerly soar to the fair original from which they are derived.

For he who rushes to these lower beauties, as if grasping realities, when they are only like beautiful images appearing in water, will, doubtless, like him in the fable, by stretching after the shadow, sink into the lake and disappear. For, by thus embracing and adhering to corporeal forms, he is precipitated, not so much in his body as in his eneavas, into profound and horrid darkness; and thus blind, like those in the infernal regions, converses only with phantoms, deprived of the perception of what is real and true.

Perhaps, the good and the beautiful are the same, and must be investigated by one and the same process; and in like manner the base and the evil. And in the first rank we must place the enedaas, and consider it as the same with the good; from which immediately emanates intellect as beautiful. Next to this, we must consider the soul receiving its beauty from intellect, and every inferior beauty deriving its origin from the forming power of the soul, whether conversant in fair enneadas and offices, or sciences and arts.

Lastly, bodies themselves participate of beauty from the soul, which, as something divine, and a portion of the beautiful itself, renders whatever it supervenes and subdues, beautiful as far as its natural capacity will admit.

Vida de Plotino – Eneadas I -II

Let us, therefore, re-ascend to the good itself, which every soul desires; and in which it can alone find perfect repose. For if anyone shall become pootino with this source of beauty he will then know what I say, wneadas after what manner he is beautiful. Indeed, whatever is desirable is a kind of good, since to this desire tends. But they alone pursue true good, who rise to intelligible beauty, and so far only tend to good itself; as far as they eneacas aside the deformed vestments of matter, with which they become connected in their descent.

Just as those who penetrate into the holy retreats of sacred mysteries, are first purified and then divest themselves of their garments, until someone by such a process, having dismissed everything foreign from the God, by himself alone, beholds the solitary principle of the universe, sincere, pootino and pure, from which all things depend, and to whose transcendent perfections the eyes of all intelligent natures are directed, as the proper cause of being, life and intelligence.

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With what ardent love, with what strong desire will he eneadaas enjoys this transporting vision be inflamed while vehemently affecting to become one with this supreme beauty! For this it is ordained, that he who does not yet perceive him, yet desires him as good, but he who enjoys the vision is enraptured with his eneavas, and is equally filled with admiration and delight.

Hence, such eneadax one is eneada with a salutary astonishment; is affected with the highest and truest love; derides vehement affections and inferior plootino, and despises the beauty which he once approved.

Such, too, is the condition of those who, on perceiving the forms of gods or daemons, no longer esteem the fairest of corporeal forms. What, then, must be the condition of that being, who beholds the beautiful itself? The sensitive eye can never be able to survey, the orb of the sun, unless strongly endued with solar fire, and participating largely of the vivid ray.

Everyone therefore must become divine, and of godlike beauty, before he can gaze upon a god and the beautiful itself. Thus proceeding in the right way of beauty he will first ascend into the region of intellect, contemplating every fair species, the beauty of which he will perceive to be no other than ideas themselves; for all things are beautiful by the supervening irradiations of these, because they are the offspring and essence of intellect.

But that which is superior to these is no other than the fountain ppotino good, everywhere widely diffusing around the streams of beauty, and hence in discourse called the beautiful itself eneadxs beauty is its immediate offspring.

But if you accurately distinguish the intelligible objects you will call the beautiful the receptacle of ideas; but the good itself, which is superior, the fountain and principle of the beautiful; or, you may place the first beautiful and the good in the same principle, independent of the beauty which there subsists. Pleasure and distress, fear and courage, desire and aversion, where have these affections and experiences their seat?

Clearly, either in the Soul alone, or in the Soul as employing the body, or in some third entity deriving from both.

Vida De Plotino Eneadas I Ii/ The Life Of Plotinus, Enneads I Ii (Biblioteca Clasica Gredos)

And for this third entity, again, there are two possible modes: It is by participation of species that we call every sensible object beautiful.

Thus, since everything void of form is by nature fitted for its reception, as far ppotino it is destitute of reason and form it is base and separate from the divine reason, the great fountain of forms; and whatever is entirely remote from this immortal source is perfectly base and deformed. And such is matter, which by its nature is ever averse from the supervening irradiations of form. Whenever, therefore, form accedes, it conciliates in amicable unity the parts which are about to compose a whole; for being itself one it is not wonderful that the subject of its power should tend to unity, as eneadae as the nature of a compound will admit.

Hence beauty is established in multitude when the many is reduced into one, and in this case it communicates itself both to the parts and to the whole.

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But when a particular one, composed from similar parts, is received it gives itself eneadzs the whole, without departing from the sameness and integrity of its nature. Thus at one and the same time it communicates itself to the whole building and its several parts; and at another plotinno confines itself to a single stone, and then the first participation arises from the operations of art, but the second from the formation of nature.

And hence body becomes beautiful through the communion supernally proceeding from divinity. It is now time, leaving every object of sense far behind, to contemplate, by a certain ascent, a beauty of a much higher order; a beauty not visible to the corporeal eye, but alone manifest to the brighter eye of the soul, independent of all corporeal aid.

However, since, without some previous perception of beauty it is impossible to express by words the beauties of sense, but we must remain in the state of the blind, so neither can we ever speak of the beauty of offices and sciences, and whatever is allied to these, if deprived of their intimate possession.

Thus we shall never be able to tell of virtue’s brightness, unless by looking inward we perceive the fair countenance of justice and temperance, and are convinced that neither the evening nor morning star are half so beautiful and bright. But it is requisite to perceive objects of this kind by that eye by which ejeadas soul beholds such real beauties. Besides it is necessary that whoever perceives this species of beauty, should be seized with much greater delight, and more vehement admiration, than any corporeal beauty can excite; as now embracing beauty real and substantial.

Such affections, I say, ought to eneadqs excited about true beauty, as admiration and sweet astonishment; desire also and love and a pleasant trepidation.

For all souls, as I may say, are affected in this manner about invisible objects, but those the most who have the strongest propensity to their love; as it likewise happens about corporeal beauty; for all equally perceive beautiful corporeal forms, yet all are not equally excited, but lovers in the greatest degree.

A Dissertation pp. A Dissertation] pp. The soul dies as much as it is possible for the soul to die: This is what is meant by falling asleep in Hades, of those who have plotijo there.

And if you do not find yourself beautiful yet, act as does the creator of a statue that is to be made beautiful: Cut away all that is excessive, straighten all that is crooked, bring light to all that is overcast, labor to make all one glow or beauty and never cease plotinno your statue, until there shall shine out on you from it the godlike splendor of virtue.

Aniversarios de hoy Horacio Quiroga 59 cuentista, poeta y dramaturgo uruguayo – Roberto Clemente 20 – Plorino 19 poeta de la antigua Grecia. Luis Alberto Costales