Dear sir, I have found that Muslims in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Bangladesh but including India, all memorize two phrases called. App design of “ Iman-e-Mufassal & Iman-e-Mujammal” on One page Activity • App have beautiful “ Iman-e-Mufassal & Iman-e-Mujammal design • Single page.

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So, people also recite them one after the other. Usually they are provided in books for Namaz, in Arabic Qaidah and at the end of few islamic books. Sufism is also seen as the driving factor in the popularising of Islam in North Africa, but they were not cut off from the other sects.

The 6 six Kalimas are recorded in various books of knowledge, and are recited and remembered by people across the globe. However, some of them can be found individually in the narrations.

Sift Iman-e-Mujmal

So do you know how I could find out when and where these distinctions came from, or any suggestions for where to look to understand why in India they use the six kalimas with the iman mujmal and iman mufassal which are not used in Iran, Arabia, or Turkestan? By “reason” I mean the way they came to exist together, not the fact that they do exist together. What do you mean by “they are provided in one place”?

W but what I mean by saying provided in one place like in small islamic books Compiled in one place by Muslims. Righteousness is not that you turn your faces toward the east or the west, but [true] righteousness is [in] one who believes in Allahthe Last Day, the angels, the Book, and mujmmal prophets and gives wealth, in spite of love for it, to relatives, orphans, the needy, the traveler, those who ask [for help], and for freeing slaves; [and who] establishes prayer and gives zakah; [those who] fulfill mjumal promise when they promise; and [those who] are patient in poverty and hardship and during battle.

Hence the scholars compiled the 6 kalimahs as one Arabic qaidah and added iman e mujmal and iman e mufassal. They are not found altogether complete in any one hadith or narration from the Prophet peace be upon him. Dear sir, I have found that Muslims in South Asia, especially Pakistan and Bangladesh but including India, all memorize two phrases called “al-iman al-mujmal” and “al-iman al-mufassal” as well as the “six mukmal. No the 6 khalimas are from the Sunni sect.



May Allah guide us all to the right path. I am researching a book written in the s based on these phrases, and I am wondering if there is a Sufi background for them since the Mughal empire was a time when Sufi groups flourished. Because these are a part of curriculum in schools and to teach children they are provided in one place.

Of course the ultimate origin for the concepts of these statements is in the Quran and the Sunnah. Even salat is performed just as an act and not really feeling the sprituality from within. Southeast Asia knows Islam trough Sufism and Persian interpretation, as they were cut off from the Sunni style and Persia was the first to colonize them, exporting religion as one of the first things. This was introduced as part of the curriculum in madarsahs to teach and make understand the basic belief.

Also, yes, ee doesn’t have to recite them together, but people mostly in south Asia do, and I am trying to find out why. Those are the ones who have been true, and it is those mujjal are the righteous. Both Shii and Sunni follow the khalimas of Islam.

Last commented mufassaal fa3 almost 4 years ago. I am looking for specific information about when, where, and why these specific six ones are recited together with the iman-e mujmal and iman-e mufassal. And Allah knows best. Choose your preferred language: Do you all think it is strange or unique that many Muslims in South Asia memorize these without knowing the basis for them in any book of fiqh or ‘aqidah or sunnah? Every Pakistani and Bangladeshi Muslim I have asked has said that yes, they do memorize them, but that they do not know when that practice started.


I have faith in Allah and His Angels, His Books and His Messengers, and the Day of Judgement and that all good and evil and fate is from Almighty Allah and it is sure that there will be resurrection after death. If anyone wants to know just ask.


Sorry to keep asking but I think it’s important to know the origins of the various worldwide practices of Islam to understand them in their historical context. The Kalimahs came into existence to facilitate the easy memorising and learning of Aqeedah beliefs. No it doesn’t mean they are all given together in any one Hadith S. You can find in the translation of all the six kalimas “There is none worthy of worship except Allah” Again my answer is same, people recite them one after the other because they are provided in islamic books one after the other i.

It is sad that people simply mug up the kalimahs, ayats, surahs and duah without understanding the true meaning. Please tell me the reference.

I really think we should try to get to the bottom of this for the sake of better understanding the history of Islam. While Kalimah Istighfar is mentioned in Bukhari 2: I mean, really, they are just memorized by Myjmal in South Asia and the origin of that practice is unknown? Is there any textual evidence for the origin of these?

I mean, does any book of hadith record “amantu bi-l-lahi kama huwa bi-asma’ihi wa-sifaatihi wa qabiltu jamii a ahkaamihi wa-arkaanihi” and describe it as al-imaan mujammalan, paired with “amantu bi-l-laahi wa-malaa’ikatihi wa-kutubihi wa-rusulihi wa-l-yawm al-aakhir khayrihi wa-sharrihi min allahi ta aala wa-l-ba thi ba da al-mawt” described as al-imaan mufassalan? They appear to be specific to South Asia, at earliest dated to the reign of Akbar the Mughal, and why that is the case is what I am trying to find out.

Thanks for the answer. I want to know the origin of these 6 Kalimas? All the mosques and Ulamas recommend these 6 Kalimas. By the way, I think I discovered it. Thank you wa jazak allah khayr.

I seek forgiveness from Him for anything ill said. Naghma over 5 years ago link. Let me just add this to the question. The Shii have it different.