Appendix 1 (List of Janaka/Janya ragas with their swaras). Mathematics of carnatic music. Appendix 1. Raga Name. Ascending Scale(ārohanam). Descending. List of Janya ragas Janya ragas are Carnatic music ragas derived from the fundamental set of 72 ragas called Melakarta ragas, by the permutation and. Table of Janya Ragas & Related Ragas. 1. Kanakangi (S R1 G1 M1 P D1 N1 S’). Janya Raga. Related Raga. · Kanakāmbari. · Kanakatodi. · Karnātaka Shuddha.

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Janya ragas are Carnatic music raas derived from the fundamental set of 72 ragas called Melakarta ragas, by the permutation and combination of the various ascending and descending notes. Dagas process of deriving janya ragas from the parent melakartas is complex and leads to an open mathematical possibility of around thirty thousand ragas. Though limited by the necessity of the existence of individual swaroopas unique identities for the janya ragas, janyw list is never comprehensive or exhaustive.

Thus the list below is open to additions or corrections. Moreover, some musicians experiment and use new scales, leading to new janya ragas.

The 72 Melakarta ragas are numbered according to the ancient Indian system for numerical notation — the Katapayadi system.

The melakartas are listed by numberswith corresponding asampoorna melakarta names [3] and scales listed just below if different, in bold.

Janya Ragams

manya Under those musical scales are the janyas associated with each melakarta. If the raga has multiple scales in the same janya, these are given below the main scale. Other janya ragas that are either not associated with a melakarta or whose scales are not yet added in this list, are listed at the bottom. If the raga has multiple scales i Janya is a term meaning “derive”. In Carnatic South Indian music a janya raga is one derived from one of the 72 melakarta ragas fundamental melodic structures.

Janya ragas are rwgas into various types based on a variety of features. Varjya ragas Ragas that omit one or more of the notes of the scale swaras of their parent melakarta raga, in the ascending or descending scale or in both, fall into this category. Different notes may be omitted from the jsnya arohana and descending avarohana scale. Such scales are given the names listed below. Sampurna-Sampurna ragas are not necessarily Melakarta because they may use notes not in the paren This is a list of ragas in Hindustani classical music.

A melakarta raga is sometimes referred as mela, karta or sampurna as well, though the latter term is inaccurate, as a sampurna raga need not be a melakarta take the raga Bhairavi, for example. In Hindustani music the thaat is equivalent of Melakarta. There are 10 thaats in Hindustani music, though the commonly accepted melakarta scheme has 72 ragas. They are sampurna ragas — they contain all seven swaras notes of the octave in both ascending and descending scale[1][2] They are krama sampurna ragas — that is the sequence is strictly ascending and descending in the scales, without any jumps or zig-zag notes[2] The upper shadjam is included in the raga scale[2] ragas like Punnagavarali and The Western equivalent is the major scale, or the Ionian mode.

Its nature is mellifluous and smooth. It is ideal for a melodious, but still laid back majestic presentation. The mnemonic phrase is sa ri gu ma pa dhi nu.


This tradition is reflected in the name itself; Darbar is the Persian derived word in Hindi meaning “court. It belongs to the Asavari thaat. It is also sometimes written as Durbari and Durbarikanada. The mnemonic name is Agni-Bhu.

The mnemonic phrase is sa ra gu ma pa dhi ni. Carnatic raga refers to ragas used in Carnatic music. Origins and history Carnatic raga classification Janaka ragas Melakarta ragas and Janya ragas Upanga ragas Janaka ragas or Sampurna ragas are parent ragas from which more ragas are derived. Sampurna ragas as the name suggest are those in which all 7 argas are present. They are also called Melakarta ragas. These rafas have all 7 swaras or [notes] in their scales only one of each swara, Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Nifollowing strict ascending and descending scales and are sung in all octaves.

Example of melakartha ragas are: Janya ragas are rafas that are derived from Janaka ragas Melakarta ragas. They may have less than 7 notes in their scales, or have additional notes in them, zig The performer gives a step-by-step elaboration of the raga, pausing at each major note or swara.

The mnemonic name is Ritu-Sri. The mnemonic phrase is sa ru gu ma pa dha ni. As it is a melakarta, b It is a popular raga of the late night, which is meant to depict the emotion of a woman waiting for reunion with her lover. It is said to have been rgaas sung by Mian Tansen, the celebrated court singer of the Emperor Akbar in the sixteenth century. In the twentieth century, Bageshri raga found widespread popularity in Carnatic Music.

Theory The theoretical aspects of Bageshri are as follows: Kafi Samay Time The time for this raaga is madhya raatri middle of the night. Carnatic music In the twentieth century, Bageshri raga found widespread popularity in Carnatic Music, in which it is said to be derived from the equivalent Melakarta of Kafi thaat, the It is a Janya raga derived scalewhose Melakarta raga parent, also known as janaka is Kharaharapriya, 22nd in the 72 Melakarta raga system.

Bhimplasi or Bheemplas of Hindustani music sounds close to Abheri. In addition to these swaras, there are gamakas which also form part of Abheri. The ascending scale is same as that of Udayaravichandrika raga also known as Shuddha Dhanyasiwhile the desc The mnemonic name is Rudra-Bhu.

Category:Janya Ragas

The mnemonic phrase is sa ri gu mi pa dhi ni. It is the prati madhyamam equivalent of Harik It is classified as 15th melakarta raga tagas Venkatamakhin’s melakarta system.

Originally known as malavagowla, “maya” was prefixed to it after the advent of the scheme of the 72 melas. The number 15 was assigned to it following the Katapayadi sankhya system. This is a morning raga. Structure and Lakshana Mayamalavagowla scale with shadjam at C Venkatamakhin defines its lakshana thus: Its mnemonic name is Agni-Go. Its mnemonic phrase is sa ra gu ma pa dha nu.

One of the first scales employed by the ancient Tamils 3BCE was the Mullaipann, a pentatonic scale composed of the notes sa ri ga pa da, equivalent to C, D, E, G and A in the western notations. These uanya harmonic scales, constitutes the raga Mohanam in the Carnatic music style. Mullaipann further evolved into Sempaalai, a scale based on seven notes by the addition of two more notes, ma and ni to the pentatonic scale.


Sempaalai pann corresponds to the Carnatic raga Harikambhoji. It is possible that the name of the ragam was originally Harapriya but it was changed to conform to the Katapayadi formula. Kharaharapriya has a distinct melody and brings out the Karuna rasam, invoking pathos in the listeners.

The Kafi thaat of Hindustani music is the equivalent of Kharaharapriya. One of the most popular belief is that the ragam was initially called Samaganam and when Ravana was trapped by Shiva, under the kailash hill trying to lift it, it is believed that, to appease the lord, Ravana sang many hymns in praise of the lord, jnaya his heart cooled only when a hymn was sung in the ragam and hence the name hara shiva and priya loved hence “Harapriya ” -The one dear to shiva, and to fit it in the Katapayadi system according to the melakarta chakra system.

The jnya Kharaharapriya may a It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras musical notes in the ascending and descending scale. It is a Hindustani music raga, which is reported to have been borrowed into Carnatic music,[1][2] and is structurally similar to Multani.

This Raag is based on Todi Thaat Mode. It is a romantic raga based on the foundation, eternity and colors of love. Madhu literally means honey.

Ragaa: Janya Ragas & Related Ragas

It is a very sweet raga with a very simple philosophy of love and romance. Madhuvanti belongs to thaat Todi. Rasa Madhuvanti expresses a gentle loving sentiment. It depicts the sringaar rasa, used to express the love of an individual jnaya his or her beloved. It is a janya scale, as it is said to have a vakra scale zig-zag notes in the ascending scale.

The mnemonic name is Disi-Sri. The mnemonic phrase janha sa ri gi mi pa dha ni. It is a janya scale, as it does not have all the seven swaras musical notes in the descending scale.

It is a combination of the sampurna raga scale Chalanata and the pentatonic scale Gambhiranata.

Category:Janya Ragas – Wikipedia

The notes used in this scale ar It is a janya raga of Suryakantam, the 17th Melakarta raga. It is called a vakra audava-shadava raga,[1] in Carnatic music classification as it has 5 notes with zig-zag notes in ascending scale and 6 notes in descending scale.

Nishadham and ghandharam used as jznya in the Avarohana. Arohanam and Avarohanam for Darbar Popular compositions Darbar is a scale that is used for compositions in a medium to fast tempo. This scale has been used by many composers and there are lots of compositions in classical music. It has been used to score film music too. Here are some popular It is called Kumbhini in Muthuswami Dikshitar school of Carnatic music. The mnemonic name is Rishi-Ma.

The mnemonic phrase is sa ra ga mi pa dhi nu. It is the prati madhyamam equivalent of Manavati, which is the 5th melakarta scale.