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Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger also: A prolific and highly original composer, Kapsberger is chiefly remembered today for his lute and theorbo chitarrone music, which was seminal in the development of these as solo instruments.
Nothing is known about Kapsberger’s date and place of birth. His father Colonel Wilhelm Guglielmo von Kapsperger was a military official of the Imperial House of Austria, and may have settled in Venicethe city which may have been Kapsberger’s birthplace.
After Kapsberger moved to Romewhere he quickly attained a reputation as a brilliant virtuoso. He ciacconaa connections with various powerful individuals and organizations; and himself organized “academies” in his house, which were counted among the “wonders of Rome”.
Around Kapsberger married Gerolima di Rossi, with whom he had at least three children. He started publishing his music at around the same time, with more than a dozen collections of music appearing during the next ten years.
These included the celebrated Libro I d’intavolatura di lautoKapsberger’s only surviving collection of music for lute.
Kapsberger worked in Francesco’s household until He died in Kapsberger is best remembered as a composer for lute and theorbo. At least six collections were kapsbergger during his lifetime, two of which are currently lost.
Kapsberger’s writing is characterized, especially in toccatasby spontaneous changes, sharp contrasts, unusual rhythmic groupings and, sometimes, passages that do not conform to the rules of counterpoint that were in use at the time.
Among them was Athanasius Kircherwho described Kapsberger as a “superb genius” and attested that he has “successfully penetrated the secrets of music.
Giovanni Girolamo Kapsperger – Wikipedia
Some contemporaries, such as Stefano Landimentioned that Kapsberger was not as meticulous a composer as he was as a performer. Prominent among these critics is lutenist Rolf Lislevand: Regardless of how one regards his compositional prowess, Kapsberger was one of the principal composers of lute and theorbo music during the early Baroque era together with Alessandro Piccinini and greatly contributed towards advancing European plucked string instruments of the time.
Kapsberger’s other music includes two collections of instrumental ensemble dances, rare for the period, and kapsbfrger wealth of vocal music, which was widely performed during his lifetime, but which is now critically less acclaimed. Kapsberger also wrote stage music, almost all currently lost.
This list only includes works published during the composer’s lifetime; the few pieces that survive in manuscripts, as well as pieces of questionable attribution, are not included. Also, a compositional treatise by Kapsberger, Il Kapsperger della musicaciacxona announced in in the preface to Libro quarto d’intavolatura di chitarronebut is now lost. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Libro Quarto d’Intavolatura di Chitarone”, Preface to Johann Hieronymus Kapsberger: Libro primo de balli, gagliarde et correnti, a quattro voci Rome, and Libro primo di sinfonie a quattro Rome,p.
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